The National Institute of Nutrition (NIN) is one
of the premier permanent research Institutes of the Indian Council
of Medical Research (ICMR), an autonomous body under the aegis of
the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India. The
history of this Institute spans over eight decades.
The Institute has started as "Beri-beri
unit" in 1918 as a one-room laboratory in Coonoor, Tamil Nadu.
The establishment of this unit laid the foundation for research on
human nutrition in
. Within a short span of seven years, this unit blossomed into a
"Deficiency Disease Enquiry" and later in 1929, emerged as
fullfledged "Nutrition Research Laboratory" (NRL) with Dr.
McCarrison as its first Director.
Since the facilities available at Coonoor for the
expanding activities for clinical work were inadequate, in 1959, the
NRL was shifted to
in the picturesque
campus in a 30 acre plot giving a boost to its rapid growth.
At the time of the Golden Jubilee in 1969, the
laboratories were redesignated as National Institute of Nutrition (NIN)
in recognition of its diverse activities and role it was playing in
investigating and finding solutions to nutritional problems of the
country. The Institute celebrated its Diamond Jubilee in 1978 and
the Platinum Jubilee in 1993.
During its illustrious journey in the field of
nutrition research, the Institute had grown in leaps and bounds
under the able guidance of several former directors. They chartered
the course of the Institute to make it one of the premier centre in
the world for mission oriented research in nutrition science. In
particular, the present elaborate infrastructure of the institution
is a true reflection of its systematic and planned development under
the dynamic leadership of Dr.C.Gopalan during his tenure (1961-73).
In the seventies, ICMR created three additional
centres of NIN. The Food and Drug Toxicology Research Centre (FDTRC)
and National Centre for Laboratory Animal Sciences (NCLAS) and the
National Nutrition Monitoring Bureau (NNMB) which are located in the
campus. These centres are under over all administrative control of
the Director, National Institute of Nutrition. Establishment of
these centres at the Institute helped in a further enhancement of
the scope of research activities.