Indian Council of Medical Research

Published Phytochemical Reference Standards of Selected Indian Medicinal Plants (Vols 1-4)

 

    Published (120 monographs)

           NO.

Marker

Plant Name

Parts Used

Vol No

1.                   

1¢-Acetoxy chavicol acetate

Alpinia galanga

Rhizome

 4

2.                   

3-O-Acetyl-b-Acetyl boswellic acid

Boswellia serrata

Gum resin

 4

3.                   

Adifoline

Halkina cordifolia

Heart wood

 3

4.                   

Agnuside

Vitex negundo

Leaf

 3

5.                   

Alizarin

Rubia cordifolia

Root

 1

6.                   

Aloin

Aloe ferox

Leaf

 1

7.                   

Amarogentin

Swertia chirayita

Whole plant

 2

8.                   

Andrograpanin

Andrographis paniculata

Leaves

 4

9.                   

Arjunetin

Terminalia arjuna         

Stem bark

 2

10.               

Arjungenin

Terminalia arjuna         

Stem bark

 2

11.               

a-Asarone 

Acorus calamus       

Rhizome

 3

12.               

Asclepin

Asclepias curassavica L.

Root

 2

13.               

Asiatic acid

Centella asiatica L.

Aerial parts

 2

14.               

Asiaticoside

Centella asiatica

Aerial part

 4

15.               

Bacopaside X

Bacopa monnieri

Leaf

 2

16.               

Bacopoaside I

Bacopa monnieri

Leaf

 3

17.               

Bacoside-A3

Bacopa monnieri

Leaf

 2

18.               

Bacosine

Bacopa monnieri

Leaf

 2

19.               

Bassic acid

Mimusops elengi

Stem Bark

 2

20.               

Bergapten

Ficus religiosa

Stem bark

 1

21.               

Betaine

Achyranthes aspera L.

Aerial part

 2

22.               

Betulin

Symplocos racemosa

Stem bark

 1

23.               

Boeravinone-B

Boerhaavia diffusa    

Root

 3

24.               

a-Boswellic acid

Boswellia serrata       

Gum resin

 3

25.               

b-Boswellic acid

Boswellia serrata       

Gum resin

 3

26.               

Cajanol

Cajamis cejan 

Rhizome

 3

27.               

Capsaicin

Capsicum annuum L.

Fruit

 2

28.               

Carvone

Nigella sativa

Seeds

 1

29.               

Catechin-5-O-gallate

Acacia nilotica

Stem bark

 4

30.               

Cedrol

Cedrus deodara

Heart wood

 1

31.               

Chebulagic acid

Terminalia chebula

Fruit

 4

32.               

Chebulinic acid

Terminalia chebula          

Fruit

 3

33.               

Cirsilineol

Ocimum tenuiflorum

Leaf

 3

34.               

Colchicine

Iphigenia indica

Corms

 1

35.               

Corilagin

Phyllanthus amarus

Leaf

 3

36.               

Corosolic acid

Lagerstroemia speciossa

Leaf

 3

37.               

Curcumin

Curcuma aromatica

Rhizome

 1

38.               

2¢,3¢-Dehydrosallanol

Azadirchta indica

Leaf

 3

39.               

Demethoxycurcumin 

Curcuma longa

Rhizome

 3

40.               

1,9-Dideoxyforskolin

Coleus forskohlii

Root

 4

41.               

3-3¢-Di-O-methyl ellagic acid-4¢-O- β-D-xylopyranoside

Terminalia belerica

Fruit

 4

42.               

Diosgenin

Dioscorea bulbifera

Tubers

 1

43.               

Echinocystic acid

Albizia lebbeck L.

Leaf

 2

44.               

Eclalbosaponin I

Eclipta alba

Aerial part

 4

45.               

Ellagic acid

Terminalia bellirica

Fruits

 1

46.               

Embelin

Embelia ribes

Fruit

 4

47.               

Emodin

Cassia occidentalis

Aerial parts

 1

48.               

Epigallocatechin gallate

Camellia sinenisis

 

 3

49.               

Ethyl p-methoxycinnamate

Hedychium spicatum

Rhizome

 4

50.               

Eugenol

Anethum sowa

Fruits

 1

51.               

Eupalitin-3-O-galactoside

Boerhaavia diffusa

Aerial part

 4

52.               

d-Fenchone

Foeniculum vulgare

Fruit

 3

53.               

Ferulic acid

Ferula asafoetida

Gum resin

 3

54.               

Galangin / 3-methyl galangin

Alpinia galanga 

Rhizome

 2

55.               

Gardenin A

Gardenia gummifera

Gum

 1

56.               

Genistein

Ougenia oojeinensis

Bark

 2

57.               

Gentianine

Enicostema littorale

Whole plant

 1

58.               

Geraniol

Cymbopogon species

Aerial part

 4

59.               

10-Gingerol

Zingiber officinale     

Rhizome

 4

60.               

6-Gingerol

Zingiber officinalis      

Rhizome

 2

61.               

Glabridin

Glycyrrhiza glabra

Root

 4

62.               

β-Glucogallin

Phyllanthus emblica

Fruit

 4

63.               

Guggulsterone E

Commiphora mukul

Gum resin

 4

64.               

Guggulsterone Z

Commiphora mukul

Gum resin

 4

65.               

Gymnemagenin

Gymnema sylvestre

 

 3

66.               

Harmaline

Peganum harmala

Seed

 3

67.               

Hayatin

Cissampelos pareira L.

Root

 2

68.               

Hecogenin

Woodfordia fruticosa

Flower

 2

69.               

Hederagenin

Mimusops elengi L.

Heartwood

 2

70.               

Hesperidin

Citrus auranthium L.

Fruits

 2

71.               

Hexahydrocurcumin

Curcuma longa

Rhizome

 3

72.               

Hypophyllanthin

Phyllanthus amarus      

Aerial parts

 3

73.               

Imperatorin (Marmelosin)

Aegle marmelos

Fruit

 1

74.               

Indican

Indigofera tinctoria

Leaves

 2

75.               

Jasmone

Jaminum aruiculatum

Leaf

 1

76.               

Karanjin

Pongamia pinnata

Leaf

 1

77.               

Koenimbine

Murayya koenigii

Leaf

 4

78.               

Lupeol

Createva nurbala

Stem bark

 4

79.               

Mahanimbine

Murraya koenigii

Leaf

 3

80.               

Malkanguniol /celastrine

Celastrus paniculatus

Seeds

 2

81.               

Maslinic acid

Ziziphus jujuba

Fruit

 3

82.               

Naringin

Citrus sinensis L.

Fruit

 2

83.               

Negundoside

Vitex negundo

Leaf

 4

84.               

Neoandrographolide

Andrographis paniculata

Leaf

 3

85.               

 Neriifolin

Thevetia peruviana

Stem bark

 2

86.               

Nimbin

Azadirachta indica

Stem bark

 1

87.               

Norepinephrine

Portulaea oleracea

Whole plant

 3

88.               

Oleanolic acid

Ocimum sanctum          

Leaf

 4

89.               

Palasonin

Butea monsperma

Seeds

 1

90.               

Parkinsonin-A or B

Parkinsonia aculeata *

Leaves

 2

91.               

Picroside II

Picrorrhiza kurrooa       

Under ground part

 3

92.               

Piperyline

Piper nigrum

Fruit

 4

93.               

Proscillaridin A

Drimia indica

Bulb

 1

94.               

Protopine

Fumaria vaillantii

Whole plant

 1

95.               

Pseudopelletierine

Punica granatum

Stem bark

 1

96.               

Psoralen

Psoralea corylifolia

Seed

 4

97.               

Pulegone

Lavanduta bipinnata

Leaf

 3

98.               

Purpurin

Rubia cordifolia

Root

 1

99.               

Randialic acid B

Catunaregan spinosa

Stem bark

 3

100.           

Rebaudioside –A

Stevia rebaudiana

 

 3

101.           

Rosmarinic acid

Ocimum tenuiflorum

Leaf

 4

102.           

Rutin

Ruta chalepensis

Leaf

 1

103.           

a-Santonin

Artemisia nilagirica

Flower bud

 1

104.           

Scopoletin

Evolvulus alsinoides

Aerial parts

 1

105.           

Serratol

Boswellia serrata

Gum resin

 4

106.           

Shatavarin IV

Asparagus racemosus

Root

 4

107.           

6-Shogaol

Zingiber officinalis      

Rhizome

 2

108.           

Swertiamarin

Swertia chirayita

Whole plant

 1

109.           

Taraxerol

Chitoria ternatea

Root

 1

110.           

Tecoside / Tecomelline

Tecomella undulata

Stem bark

 2

111.           

N, N, N¢, N¢- Tetramethylhorrhimine

Holarrhena pubscens

Stem bark

 1

112.           

Tribulosin

Tribulus terrestris

Whole plant

 4

113.           

Trigonelline Hydrochloride

Trigonella foenum-graecom

Seed

 1

114.           

ar-Turmerone

Curcuma longa

Rhizome

 4

115.           

Valerenic acid

Valeriana officinalis L.

Root

 2

116.           

Vicine

Momordica charantia

Seed

 4

117.           

Vocangine

Ervatamia divaricata L.

Stem bark

 2

118.           

Withanolide-A

Withania somnifera    

Root

 2

119.           

Withanoside IV

Withania somnifera    

Root

 2

120.           

Xanthinin

Xanthium strumarium

Aerial parts

 3