DESERT MEDICINE RESEARCH CENTRE

JODHPUR - 342005


(Established in 1984)

  DESERT MEDICINE RESEARCH       CENTRE

Publications

Phone: 0291 -2722403
Fax: 0291 -2720618
Email : director@dmrcjodhpur.org
Website :  http://www.dmrcjodhpur.org
Scope of Activities:

Situated at Jodhpur in Rajasthan, the Desert Medicine Research Centre (DMRC) conducts research on Vector-borne & Infectious diseases, non-communicable diseases, human nutrition and associated morbidities/diseases and Medicinal and Insecticidal plants covering a wide spectrum of research which is operational and laboratory based.

Thrust Areas:

The following are the thrust areas of DMRC

  • Study maintenance mechanism of dengue virus in nature, determination of regional risk
    factors of dengue & DHF and development of surveillance design capable of forecasting
    impending epidemic situations for their prevention and management in Rajasthan
  • Study of vector bionomics and transmission dynamics of desert malaria, identifying desert
    specific risk factors to develop a strategic action plan for its prevention and control
  • Studies on tuberculosis, HIV and other prevalent infectious diseases for the development of
    improved diagnostic tools as well as intervention strategies
  • Study of epidemiology of non-communicable diseases, identify local risk factors and
    demonstration of intervention measures for their effectiveness in desert population
  • Study of magnitude and distribution of nutritional deficiencies and develop locally
    sustainable intervention programme for their management
  • Estimation of burden of communicable and non- communicable diseases and project their
    transition across time and space for policy planning
  • Studies on human genetics and environmental factors as basis of physiological disorders in
    the context of stressful environmental conditions of desert.
  • Studies on health care delivery aimed at development of affordable, effective and sustainable
    modules for improvement of service delivery by healthcare providers in desert region
  • Inventorization, distribution and biochemical analysis of useful medicinal plants; study of
    desert plants as alternative remedies; isolation of ingredients and the possible role of desert
    plants as anti-infective agents/insecticides.
  • Provide reference diagnostic services for molecular diagnosis of H1N1 pandemic influenza
    (2009) and dengue viruses.
Human Resource Development :

  • The Centre organises training courses aimed at strengthening scientific and technical expertise of state/ local health agencies for their use in National Vector Borne Disease Control Programmes in Rajasthan through research communications & training to Medical Officers & Technicians.
  • The Centre also runs summer training programmes. Students from various colleges, during their post-graduate courses in microbiology and biotechnology undergo training in microbiological, biochemical, molecular, virological and entomological aspects. Training is also imparted in software/hardware to B. Tech. & MCA students.
Recognition for Doctorate/Masters by a University:

The Centre has been recognized by JNV University, Jodhpur for Ph. D. programmes. Three scientists have been recognized as Guides/Co-guides for supervising Ph. D. students.

Major Achievements:

Significant achievements of DMRC are the following

  • Established through baseline and subsequent rapid drought surveys in the region that short
    and long-term malnutrition, anaemia and diet deficient in calories, Vitamin-A and Vitamin-B
    complex were the common prevalent problems. Demonstrated that a camp approach was
    useful in tackling the Vitamin-A deficiency.
  • Developed expertise, which proved useful for National Guinea-Worm Eradication Programme
    in Rajasthan.
  • Reported first occurrence of Trans Ovarial Transmission (TOT) of dengue virus from India
    and established persistence of TOT of dengue virus in Aedes aegypti up to seven generations
    under laboratory conditions.
  • Contributed to better understanding of the dynamics of desert malaria. Implicated inmigrant
    diseased population as the primary risk factor of malaria in desert.
  • Developed a surveillance design capable of forecasting impending epidemic situations of
    malaria & dengue in Rajasthan to help in prevention and management. Developed a malaria
    epidemic forecasting software.
  • Demonstrated the utility, feasibility and affordability of wet-drilling as well as use of face
    masks for prevention of silicosis in sand stone quarry workers.
  • Invented a new larvicidal herbal composition against dengue vectors from latex of desert
    shrub Calotropis procera. Prepared a compendium on indigenous plant medicines from
    tribal areas of Rajasthan.
  • Established a virological laboratory. Undertaking advance molecular biological research on
    dengue and H1N1 viruses. Provided reference diagnostic services for molecular diagnosis of
    H1N1 pandemic influenza (2009) viruses to the state health department.

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