arrow  Longitudinal Study on Growth of Indian
    Children During Adolescence [10 - 16 Years]

Normal - > 90% of standard
Grade I- Malnutrition 75 to < 90 of standard
Grade II- Malnutrition 60 to 75% of standard
Grade III- Malnutrition < 60% of standard

Group II & III were pooled for analysis as number of children in group III were too small for valid conclusions. Physical growth pattern & have been analyzed for Normal, Grade 1 and Grade II + III malnutrition groups separately.


A total of 6829 children, identified through a door to door household survey were enrolled in this study. The study sample included similar number of children from both sexes. The total number of children enrolled at each centre varied between 839 at Hyderabad to 1056 at Delhi (Table 1). Household information on each child including family structure, religion, household facilities and economic status was collected during household survey.


The children in this study came from 5 rural areas covered by Chandigarh, Hyderabad, Jabalpur, Vellore and Varanasi and two urban slum areas taken by Delhi and Vellore. More than 50 per cent of children from all areas except Varanasi belonged to nuclear family. The percentage of nuclear families varied between 46 (Varanasi) to 15 percent (Delhi slum, area). More than 90 per cent of rural families were Hindu. The percentage of Muslims was between 1 to 3 per cent in all rural areas about 1 per cent in Delhi slum area and 28 per cent in Vellore slum area. Others included Sikhs, about 6 per cent in Chandigarh and 5 per cent in Delhi and Christians ( about 4 % in Delhi and 2 % in Vellore ).

In rural areas less than 3 per cent were staying in rented accommodation, 30 per cent in Delhi and 42 per cent in Vellore urban were staying in rented accommodation. In rural areas 43 (Jabalpur) to 90 (Chandigarh) per cent families had separate kitchen. In Delhi 54 per cent and in Vellore urban area 13 per cent households had separate kitchen. The fuel used was cow dung or firewood in more than 90 per cent of the rural households. In urban slum area of Vellore also 51 per cent households Used dung or firewood. Only in study area Of Delhi more than 90 per cent families were using Cooking gas or kerosene oil.

Sanitation was poor for majority of the households in all the study areas. Within the premises defecation facility was available only in the Delhi study area to 64 per cent of the families, in Vellore urban slum area majority Were dependent on public facility and in all rural areas

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