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CHAPTER - 4

High Risk Families: Identification and Assessment

High risk families are those which as a result of their atmosphere and circumstances lead to physical emotional, intellectual or other developmental problems in their children. Children belonging to these families are more vulnerable than their counterparts, to develop problems. It is important hence to identify these families and intervene at an early stage in order to prevent problems in the children.

The Psychosocial Factors that lead to high risk can be divided into 3 main groups -

  1. Socio-cultural factors.
  2. Factors related to family interactions and organization.
  3. Factors related to ill health.

1. SOCIO-CULTURAL FACTORS

  1. Socio-economic difficulties
  2. Belonging to a minority group.
  3. Migration
  1. Socio-Economic Difficulties

    Economic difficulties render a family incapable of meeting all the needs of the child. The parents are so busy making ends meet that the child suffers from deprivation in all areas -food, clothing and intellectual stimulation. Overcrowded housing, unclean neighbourhood and inadequate place for play are some of the reasons why children from these families are vulnerable in terms of physical and psychosocial growth.

  2. Belonging to a minority group

    These children by virtue of their community might feel isolated and may not be given ample opportunities for schooling and access to intellectual stimulation. They

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