CHAPTER - 4
High Risk Families: Identification
High risk families are those which as a result of their atmosphere
and circumstances lead to physical emotional, intellectual
or other developmental problems in their children. Children
belonging to these families are more vulnerable than their
counterparts, to develop problems. It is important hence to
identify these families and intervene at an early stage in
order to prevent problems in the children.
The Psychosocial Factors that lead to high risk can be divided
into 3 main groups -
- Socio-cultural factors.
- Factors related to family interactions and organization.
- Factors related to ill health.
1. SOCIO-CULTURAL FACTORS
- Socio-economic difficulties
- Belonging to a minority group.
- Socio-Economic Difficulties
Economic difficulties render a family incapable of meeting
all the needs of the child. The parents are so busy making
ends meet that the child suffers from deprivation in all
areas -food, clothing and intellectual stimulation. Overcrowded
housing, unclean neighbourhood and inadequate place for
play are some of the reasons why children from these families
are vulnerable in terms of physical and psychosocial growth.
- Belonging to a minority group
These children by virtue of their community might feel isolated
and may not be given ample opportunities for schooling and
access to intellectual stimulation. They