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Observations and Results

Sociodemographic description

Sociodemographic characteristics of study sample. at Bangalore, Delhi and Lucknow Centres are described in Tables 1, 2 and 3 respectively. All subjects were married females with one or more children in the age group 3-6 years. Majority of women were in the age group 20-30 years at Bangalore and Delhi Centres while at Lucknow Centre more than 50% were above 30 years. More than 50% of women were illiterate. Illiteracy was highest at Lucknow Centre, being over 90% in rural areas. At other centres there were considerable number of subjects with primary and secondary education. The literacy level was higher at urban slum area of Delhi Centre where majority of women had primary or secondary education and a small number had university education also. Most of the women were house wives while some of them had other vocations also such as maids, labourer, crafts, agriculture etc. Family size was less than 5 in majority of cases at Bangalore Centre while it was more than 5 in case of Delhi and Lucknow centres. Most of the women in the study sample had one or two children in age group 3-6 years while some of them had 3 children also in this age group.

The experimental and control groups were well matched in terms of socio demographic characteristics as seen in Tables 1, 2 and 3. There were differences only in some variables. A higher percentage of women in experimental area had more than one child in age group 3-6 years as compared to control groups at Bangalore and Delhi Centres. In urban slum areas of Lucknow Centre, literacy rates were higher in experimental area than control area. Overall the experimental groups compared well with control group (Tables 1-3).

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