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1. Khanpur - An Urban Slum

2. Ladoo Sarai - A Semi Rural Area

Khanpur

Khanpur area covers slum clusters of Madangiri, Dakshinpuri, Dakshinpuri Extn. Tigri and village Khanpur. This area is spread on the left as well as right of M.B. Road. The population in this area belongs to lower. socio-economic status and 80% of them belong to Scheduled Caste. Most of the inhabitants are daily bread earners and have no fixed income. They live in very crowded area which is covered by Kaccha huts. Most of these huts are illegal constructions (Jhuggies). Time and again these huts have been demolished by the municipal corporation bnt they again come up after some time. These hut clusters lack basic amenities needed in life like proper water supply or electricity. Most of these people have large families and are ICDS beneficiaries.

Ladoo Sarai - rural area

Ladoo Sarai is the rural area which was selected for the purpose of research. Again the basic thing kept in mind was accessibility to the area. The area is around 8-9 Km from Safdarjang Hospital near Qutub Minar on the Mehrauli Road. This village has a population of 10,000 approximately. The population here belongs to the lower socio-economic status. They work as daily labourers, hawkers and rickshaw pullers etc. The people who are original inhabitants of this area are still agricultural farmers who work on nearby fields on daily wages basis. Many of the people of this area have migrated from regions of Bihar; Uttar Pradesh etc. in order to seek employment and livelihood. Many of them stay in one room dwellings rented out to them by some rich people of the village, who have built a number of small rooms in a small area. They pay a rent of Rs.500 to 600. In comparison to Khanpur slum these people had the basic life amenities like electricity and water. Most of these people are uneducated and do not respond very well to any programmes which are not financiallly beneficial to them. Their basic motivation to participate in any programme like the intervention programme is to get certain material benefits.

On an average the family size of people of this area is also very large due to lack of use of proper family planning procedures or lack of understanding for the need of properly reared children. Most of the residents of this area have more than 4 children. When asked as to why they never felt the need for it and more children in the family would mean more hands to earn.

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