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Description of the Study Areas

(a) Bangalore Centre

These study areas (Rural/Slum) were chosen on the basis of:

1. Permanence of residents (to facilitate adequate follow up).

2. Being representative of a typical village and slum.

3. Presence of Anganwadi Centre.

4. Motivated Anganwadi Workers to facilitate training and implementation of intervention programme.

5. Accessibility from NIMHANS.

The study area consisted of three villages and one slum. The villages had one Anganwadi Centre each and the slum had three Anganwadi Centres. Hence the total sample studied was from 6 centres.

Description of Rural Area

1. Bidiruguppe Village: This village was previously included as one of the four study areas of 1st phase. This village is 32 kms from NIMHANS. It has a population of 2199 (Males -1,040, Females -1,159). The main occupation is agriculture. 75% of the population have their own lands. The village has one AWC, one ANM sub-centre, a PHC at a distance of 3 kms, one Government Middle School, two convents, a post office, veterinary clinic and a temple.

Apart from the above, the village has an Adult Education Programme, a Mahila Mandal, Milk Producers Co-Operative Society and a youth association. Also, this village has a Harijan colony. Most of the residents are permanent and are reported to have lived in this area for about 20 to 25 years.

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