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2. Emotional atmosphere:
Do the family members behave cordially with each other, do they share emotions and feelings, is there a 'we' feeling in the family?

3. Adequacy of role: Every member has a certain role in the family -eg. the mother is a housekeeper, a wife, a mother and her job is to manage the family routine. Evaluate whether each family member is fulfilling his/her role. Is there role strain (Too many roles that the person finds difficult to manage)? Specially, where a person is physically or mentally ill, the roles will be affected and will hamper optimal functioning of the family.

4. Communication: How much do family members talk to each other? Are there frequent quarrels and misunderstandings? Do they praise each others efforts? Do parents spend adequate time with each other and with the children?

5. Support Systems: What kind of support does the family have? Do they have people whom they can rely on in times of crisis? What is their relationship with neighbours and relatives? Is there any religious or other organization that can help them in times of need?

B. Identification of Resources

Every individual or family, however distressed or troubled, has certain resources which help in coping with problems. It is necessary that these are identified and supported in order to enhance coping. Some of these internal attributes may not be identified by disturbed individuals and it is the task of intervention workers to highlight these positive resources.

1. Individual Resources

  • Skills and abilities of an individual such as his/her knowledge about his family's needs.

  • Willingness to cooperate in the intervention.

  • Adequate coping ability.

  • Possessing any skill or ability which enables him or her to help the family materially.

  • Ability to act as a mediator or peace maker in the family, depicted by the ability to solve problems in the past, handling crisis and not being depressed and maintaining a positive attitude despite problems.

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