General Guidelines and Specific Interventions
Now let us say, you have identified a family at risk. You
should know certain things to execute intervention. Our intervention
consists of sensitisation of the family to the risk factors,
talking to family members, advising them, giving suggestions
that suit them and encouraging them as they make these new
changes. One thing to be remembered is that a family's conditions
cannot be changed totally and within a short span of time.
Not being able to bring about visible changes in the family
should not be considered a failure on the part of the worker.
Each problem needs to be dealt with in different ways. The
following part of the chapter deals with assessing the nature
and extent of the family problem, identifying resources to
be used in intervention and finally helping the family to
A. Assessing a Family Problem
Whenever you are approaching a family for intervention, remember
that they have a better knowledge of their own strengths and
weaknesses than you do, so do not try to force change. Initiate
conversation and discuss problems in such a manner that they
feel the need for help and a need for change. Remember that
only when a family or a family member is., motivated for change
will behaviour be altered.
As far as possible, try and meet the whole family or as many
members as possible to understand how the family is functioning.
There are certain areas of family functioning that you should
specifically look at to arrive at the identification of risk
factors and resources. These are
1. Identifying the leader:
Find out if the family has a leader or is there shared leadership
(for eg. two brothers, husband and wife) or is it a leaderless
family? This is important as change can usually be initiated
through the leader.