The second sub-sample survey covered 843
subjects aged 60 + (Male 305, Female 538). The main objectives
of this sub-sample survey were to assess the impact of the
Geriatric Clinic on the aged population in the catchment area
and the effects of the intervention measures (comprising medical,
psychological, social, economic, educational, nutritional
and other aspects) upon them. The survey lasted from 1st May
1987 to 31st July 1987.
Twenty-seven villages were selected at random
falling within the geographical area of the 17 sub-centres.
Care was taken to enlist a minimum of 41 subjects from each
of the sub-centre so that no sub-centre was under-represented.
In cases of failure to achieve this minimum target from the
selected village, another village from the same sub-centre
was selected at random for collection of sample. There was
an overlap among the subjects in the sense that 395 subjects
(Group I) (Male 128, Female 267) were already registered in
the Geriatric Clinic as a part of the main study, while the
other 448 subjects (Group II) (Male 177, Female 271) had no
prior contact with the project staff. Two separate proformae
(Appendix VIII) were evolved for each of these groups. The
Group II subjects were also administered the main study proforma.
The data was collected through house visits by the project
staff. The details of the data collected and conclusions are
offered below in brief.
Data on Group II
subjects (N = 448)
1. The rank order of the symptoms encountered
in these subjects on screening schedule were as follows :
Visual handicap (N = 274, 61%), pain in the
joints (N = 151, 34%), vague bodily pain (N = 66, 15%), giddiness
(N = 65, 15%); cough (N = 43, 10%), itching (N = 39, 9%),
sleeplessness (N = 37, 8%), expectoration/haemoptysis (N =
29, 7%) and hearing deficit (N = 28, 6%). As many as 85 persons
(19%) failed to score on any items on the screening schedule.
The complaints from Group II subjects (N = 448) on the screening
schedule were fewer in number (an average of 2 per patient)
than among those (N = 1910) who attended the geriatric clinic
(an average of 6 per patient).
2. The system-wise classification and
comparison between Group II subjects and main study subjects
is as follows (Table 14).
The important features of the psychiatric
complaints formed only 1.1% in contrast to 8.4% in the study
group. While in the study group there were only 3 subjects
with 'no medical diagnoses', 87 (19.4%) in the sub-sample
survey (Group II) carried 'no medical diagnoses'.
3. There was a greater representation
from the higher socio-economic status in the sub-sample survey
than the study group.
4. Lesser number (11.6%) were found
to be living alone in the sub-sample survey data than in the
study group (25.5%).