DR. VISWANATHAN MOHAN

The Basanti Devi Amir Chand Prize is the oldest award of ICMR, instituted in 1953 by the late Major General Amir Chand for significant research contributions in Biomedical Sciences.

The Prize for 1999 is being awarded to Dr. Viswanathan Mohan, Director, Madras Diabetes Research Foundation, Chennai for his contributions in the field of Diabetology i.e. for his work on the Natural history of diabetes in Indians with special reference to the prevalence and risk factors for complications of diabetes.

Dr. Mohan has been working in the field of Diabetology for the last 20 years and has contributed significantly to information on the mechanism, causation and natural history of diabetes among south Indians. His work provides population-based data on prevalence and risk factors in diabetic complications like coronary artery disease, peripheral vascular disease, retinopathy, nephropathy and neuropathy. The data give valuable insights into the disease burden due to diabetes in India. His observations have great relevance since India already has the maximum number of diabetics in any given country in the world and diabetes is emerging as one of the silent killers in this country.

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DR. JAGJIT S. SAINI

The Dr.P.N.Raju Oration Award for research on any subject in Biomedical Sciences was instituted in 1965 by Dr.Narasimha Raju, a Medical Practitioner of Vishakhapatnam.

The Award for 1998 is presented to Dr. Jagjit S. Saini, Additional Professor, Department of Ophthalmology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh for his outstanding work on Corneal Endothelium : function evaluation in clinical practice.

Dr. Saini has been engaged in developing and validating several new techniques for assessing their efficacy, reliability and predictive value in corneal endothelium function in normal, post-operative and diabetic persons. The outcome of his research work has helped significantly in monitoring and choosing appropriate management strategies in diseases affecting the corneal endothelium.

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DR. BHUVNESH KUMAR SHARMA

The Sandoz Oration Award for research in Cancer was instituted in 1970 and is awarded annually to an eminent scientist for outstanding contributions to cancer research.

The Award for the year 1998 is presented to Dr. Bhuvnesh Kumar Sharma, Deputy Director, Institute of Cytology and Preventive Oncology, New Delhi for his outstanding contributions in Cancer research.

Dr. Sharma's main focus of research over the last 20 years has been to identify reliable molecular markers for the early detection of cervical cancer and to develop strategies for the rational designing of novel immunotherapeutic interventions. In recent years, he has also undertaken molecular oncologic studies on breast cancer which have led to a better understanding of the pathological process of breast cancer.

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DR. RAJESH KUMAR

Dr. M.K. Seshadri Prize was instituted in 1977 by Smt. Seshadri in memory of her husband. This prize is awarded to an eminent scientist or institution whose original work has led to useful interventions or otherwise significant contribution to the practice of Community Medicine.

The prize for the year 1998 is presented to Dr. Rajesh Kumar, Prof. and Head, Department of Community Medicine, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh for his outstanding contributions in Community Medicine.

Dr. Rajesh Kumar has contributed in the development of control programmes for neonatal tetanus, diarrhoeal diseases, acute respiratory infections and birth asphyxia, home based growth and development monitoring, breast self examination, syndromic management of reproductive tract infection/sexually transmitted diseases, and has developed rapid epidemiological assessment tools for measurement of morbidity, mortality and quality of care. In addition, he has developed a model rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart diseases (RF/RHD) control programme and implemented the same within the existing primary care infrastructure in a community involving school teachers and students. This model has demonstrated the feasibility of a national programme of RF/RHD control.

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DR. GOPAL KRUSHNA PAL

The ICMR Prize for Biomedical Research for scientists belonging to under-privileged communities was instituted by the Council in 1983 for scientists belonging to Scheduled Caste/Scheduled Tribes/Backward Classes who have contributed significantly to any field of Biomedical Sciences.

The prize for the year 1998 is being presented to Dr. Gopal Krushna Pal, Associate Professor, Department of Physiology, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Pondicherry in the field of Neurophysiology. Dr. Pal has made significant contributions in the area of neurophysiological regulation of food and water intake in rats. He has documented that lesions of the nucleus accumbens and caudatus produce significant decrease in food and water intake. His research has contributed to a better understanding of the neurophysiology of ingestive behaviour.

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DR. RAVINDRAN ANKATHIL

This prize was instituted by the ICMR in 1983 for scientists who have contributed significantly to any field of biomedical sciences in underdeveloped areas.

The Prize for 1998 is being awarded to Dr. Ravindran Ankathil, Associate Professor, Regional Cancer Centre, Thiruvananthapuram for studies on the Role of investigative cytogenetics and genetics counselling services in the health management of genetically disabled patients and leukaemic patients in Kerala.

Dr. Ankathil established cytogenetic and genetic counselling services in the state of Kerala, where such facilities did not exist earlier. After setting up these facilities he has been investigating patients with or suspected genetic disorders among the newborn, children and adults. His work has been significant in providing healthcare to infants and counselling for the families. Furthermore, he has been studying choromosomal abnormalities in different types of leukaemia which has helped in the cytogenetic subtype classification. The work carried out by Dr.Ankathil has had a significance impact in the diagnosis and treatment of genetic disorders in Kerala.

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DR. SUBHASH CHANDRA PARIJA

The Prof. B.K. Aikat Oration Award was donated by Dr. Meera Aikat in memory of her husband, a well known biomedical scientist.

The award for the year 1998 is being presented to Dr. Subhash Chandra Parija, Prof. and Head, Department of Microbiology, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Pondicherry for outstanding contributions in the Diagnosis and epidemiology of parasitic diseases.

Dr.Parija has made significant contributions in the areas of amoebiasis, hydatid disease, kala-azar etc. These include the development of immunoassays that are simple, sensitive, specific as well as reliable in the diagnosis of these common parasitic diseases in poorly equipped laboratories.

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DR. SANTOSH KUMAR CHATURVEDI

The Dr. Vidya Sagar Award was instituted in 1985 by the faculty of the Department of Psychiatry, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, in memory of Dr. Vidya Sagar, former Professor of Psychiatry, Medical College, Rohtak. The Award is given in alternate years for the best research work in India in the field of Mental Health.

The award for the year 1998 is being presented to Dr. Santosh Kumar Chaturvedi, Additional Professor, Department of Psychiatry, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bangalore for his outstanding contributions in Quality of life in health and diseases.

Dr. Chaturvedi has carried out a number of studies in the areas of quality of life in health and disease, a neglected area of research in our country so far. Dr.Chaturvedi has also described cultural disparities in the concept of quality of life and stress and the importance of spiritual factor for Indians. His main areas of research have centered around studying the quality of life in different disorders, study of cancer pain, psychiatric aspects of cancer and psychological aspects of women's health.

He is a recipient of the Tilak Venkoba Rao Award for the years 1988 and 1992 for research on chronic pain and psychosomatics and for research on women's mental health.

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DR. P. SATISHCHANDRA

The Amrut Mody Unichem prize was instituted by Unichem Laboratories in 1985. This prize is awarded to an eminent scientist for outstanding work carried out in the fields of Cardiology and Neurology, and Gastroenterology in alternate years.

The prize for 1998 in the field of Neurology is being presented to Dr.P.Satishchandra, Professor of Neurology, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bangalore for his outstanding research contribution in Epilepsy.

Dr. Satishchandra has been working in the field of Neurology with special interest in epilepsy for the last 20 years. His most significant contribution has been in the area of hot water epilepsy, which is an unique form of reflex epilepsy seen in southern India. He has analyzed the clinical characteristics of this unique disorder and undertaken neuro-epidemiological studies. Based on epidemiological and experimental work he has hypothesised that hot water epilepsy is probably due to hyperthermic kindling as a result of an aberrant thermo-regulatory system. Dr.Satishchandra and his team have successfully managed these patients with a modified treatment regimen. The contributions made by Dr. Satishchandra have led to a better understanding of the pathogenesis of the novel types of epilepsy.

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DR. A.B. DEY

The Prof. Surindar Mohan Marwah Award was instituted by Prof. S.M. Marwah for outstanding work carried out in the field of Geriatrics.

The award for the year 1998 is being presented to Dr. A.B. Dey, Additional Professor, Department of Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi for outstanding contributions in the field of Geriatric Medicine.

Dr. Dey has been actively engaged on undertaking studies in various aspects of age related diseases among the elderly population of India to determine the pattern and behavioural aspects of such diseases. His research has helped in the creation of a database in clinical geriatrics, planning of services as a part of the national policy for older persons, development of undergraduate and postgraduate curriculum in medicine and development of training programmes for health professionals engaged in the care of the elderly.

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DR. RADHA KRISHAN DHIMAN

The Shakuntala Amir Chand Prizes for significant contributions to biomedical sciences by young scientists were instituted by late Major General Amir Chand in 1953.

A Shakuntala Amir Chand Prize for 1998 is being presented to Dr.Radha Krishan Dhiman, Associate Professor, Department of Hepatology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh for his research work on the Prognostic evaluation of early indicators in fulminant hepatic failure.

Dr. Dhiman has been working in the field of Gastroenterology and Hepatology since 1988. He has carried out significant research in evaluating the prognostic significance of several early indicators of fulminant hepatic failure in the Indian population. He observed that factors, like the presence of overt clinical features of raised intracranial pressure and prothrombin time of >100 seconds on admission, onset of encephalopathy a week after onset of jaundice and age of >50 years among Indian patients have adverse effect on the prognosis of the disease. He also devised a new psychometric test, the Figure Connection Test for assessing the mental status in patients with cirrhosis of the liver. This test has the advantage of universal applicability.

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DR. AMITA AGGARWAL

The Shakuntala Amir Chand Prizes for significant contributions to biomedical sciences by young scientists were instituted by late Major General Amir Chand in 1953.

A Shakuntala Amir Chand Prize for 1998 is being presented to Dr.Amita Aggarwal, Assistant Professor of Immunology, Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, for significant research contributions in autoimmune rheumatic diseases.

Dr. Aggarwal has been investigating the clinical expression of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis and observed that the presence of IgM rheumatoid factor demonstrated by ELISA and not latex agglutination, predicts a more severe disease outcome. Her studies also indicate that activation of complement by an alternate pathway is more important than activation by the classical pathway in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis. These results have provided a new insight and have led to a better understanding of the pathogenesis of autoimmune rheumatic diseases.

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DR. PRABHA S. CHANDRA

The Tilak Venkoba Rao award was instituted in 1982 by Dr. Parvathi Devi and Dr.A. Venkoba Rao in memory of their son, Tilak Venkoba Rao. This prize is given to scientists below the age of 40 years for outstanding work carried out in the fields of Psychological Medicine and Reproductive Physiology in alternate years.

The award in the field of Reproductive Physiology for the year 1998 is being presented to Dr. Prabha S. Chandra, Associate Professor, Department of Psychiatry, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bangalore for outstanding contributions on Psychiatric morbidity related to reproductive and sexual health among Indian women.

Dr. Chandra has been actively involved in in-depth studies to understand the complex interaction between a woman's mental state, biology and socio-cultural aspects. Important areas of her research include prevalence of premenstrual syndrome, influence of menstrual cycle related changes on the severity of psychiatric disorders, mood disorder among infertile women and psychological aspects of gynecological cancer. She has had in-depth training in psycho-oncology and cognitive dysfunction and psychiatric morbidity in HIV/AIDS.

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DR. RAKESH AGGARWAL

The Dr. Dharamvir Dutta Memorial Oration Award was instituted by Dr. Usha Dutta in memory of her husband, Dr. Dharamvir Dutta, former Head of the Department of Hepatology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education & Research, Chandigarh.

The prize for the year 1998 in being presented to Dr. Rakesh Aggarwal, Associate Professor, Department of Gastroenterology, Sanjay Gandhi Post-Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow for outstanding contributions in the field of hepatology i.e. for his work on Viral hepatitis.

Dr. Aggarwal, a gastroenterologist, has been engaged in research in viral hepatitis for more than 10 years. His laboratory investigations helped in establishing hepatitis virus E (HEV) as the cause of a large outbreak in Uttar Pradesh. Epidemiological studies undertaken by him determined and clarified various factors such as person to person transmission relating to this largest epidemic of this disease in India. His research work has significantly contributed to the understanding of HEV infection.

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