Priority areas of research in Malaria


    Operatinal/Epidemiological
      • Studies on biology and bionomics of malaria vectors to establish their site of transmission, resting and feeding behavior, entomological inoculation rate, biting rhythm, susceptibility to insecticides etc. in different ecotypes.
      • Studies to note the behavioural changes in resting, feeding and biting patterns of vectors if any in areas i) where LLINs/ITNs are in use for long periods and ii) where ecological changes  due to developmental activities and natural disasters have occurred. 
      • Study on entomological and impact of scaled up LLIMS and/or IRS including social acceptability.
      • Combination of full coverage of LLINs and IRS to push transmission to zero in highly endemic areas.
      • Studies to monitor resistance to insecticides in vectors to map spatial spread and to identify cross resistance pattern and the biochemical mechanisms responsible for the development of resistance.
      • Malaria stratification of areas using data on (i) disease prevalence (ii) vector(s) prevalence (iii) parasite prevalence (iv) vector resistance to insecticides (v) parasite resistance to drugs (vi) ecotype etc. for developing situation specific control/elimination strategies. (Action to be taken by NIMR)
      • Treatment seeking behavior of the community for malaria in difficult settings and inaccessible area in the country.
      • Strategies for containment of forest malaria transmission. – Action to be taken by RMRCT, Jabalpur.
      • Implementation research in high transmission areas of effective tools to reduce the transmission.
      • Strategies optimizing behavior change communication (BCC) and information, education and communication (IEC) approaches, which can improve intervention uptake, usage, and adherence.
      • Strategies to test the feasibility of using a new monitoring and surveillance systems such as mobile phone, SMS and other communication technologies in different malaria endemic areas.
      Clinical Basic

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