Desert Medicine Research Centre, Jodhpur

Institute Profile

                                    

 

 

 

 

 

History

 Desert constitutes about one seventh of the globe land surface. In India about 70% of its arid zone lies in the state of Rajasthan. In Rajasthan, 60% of its area is desert and 40% of the total population resides there with population density ranging from 6-178 person per square kilometer.

 Desert is characterised by extremes of temperature, scanty rainfall and low vegetation and less availability of water for drinking and irrigation.

Realising the health needs and health problems of the desert population, Indian Council of Medical Research established the Desert Medicine Research Centre at the land allotted by the State Government.

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Objectives

 

  1. To promote research into health problems of the desert population.

  2. To promote research into human adaptation to hostile extremes of the climate.

  3. To develop health surveillance and monitoring system, also taking into account of various development activities.

  4. To develop an alternate system of the health care delivery system.

  5. To build-up technical health manpower in this region.

  6. To interact with local agencies and health authorities to help them to find solution to health problems in the region

 

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Thrust Areas of Research

 

  1. Malaria

  2. Dengue (incl. DHF)

  3. Silicosis.

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Staff structure of the Institute

 staff structure

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Laboratory facilities

        

HIGHLIGHTING SOPHISTICATED AND MODERN FACILITIES  

S.No. Facility Equipment 
1. Detection of antigen-antibody reaction-using high illumination Fluorescence                          Microscope UV light. 
2. Microphotography auto-control through electronic monitor  Binocular microscope attached with microphotograph system.
3. Reagent/Media preparation under asceptic conditions. Laminar flow Hood 
4. High speed centrifugation at sub zero temperature upto -25 "C.   Refregerated Centrifuge
5. Preservation/incubation of a  biological material at desired level of ambient temperature in the range of 5-60*C.  BOD Incubator 
6. General Laboratory facilities such as measurement of pH, temperature distilled water preparation etc.  pH meter and other basic lab. equipments 
7. RA-50 Analyser, to carry out  biochemical Investigations.   RA-50 Analyzer
8. Micro-balancing of objects  Electronic balance I 
(Sartonus)  
9. Sputum Culture for M.tubetctlosis  BOD Incubator  
10. Sputum Smear Examination for M. tuberculosis. Binocular Microscope 
(Olympus) 
11. ELISA Tests for HIV etc. ELISA Reader(Labmate)  received from WHO 

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Clinical facilities

 

 

To assist post-graduate students of Medical College, Jodhpur for carrying out clinical studies.

Medical Officers with MBBS and MD ( Community Medicine) are available, which provide all essential clinical support to various research activities.

 

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Communication and computation facilities

  

The Institute has one Pentium-Il Computer and three 80/386 Computers. One of the computers is attached with a modem and a telephone for faster and speedy communication (e-mail) through National Informatic Centre (NIC), Jodhpur. The Centre is utilizing this facility for correspondence at National and International level, for research programmes on Health, Communicable/ Non-Communicable diseases and other Medical related topics and documentation. This mode of communication is also utilized for conferences symposia and workshops going to be held in various research organizations. Apart from the above the computers are also utilized for drafting letters for correspondence, preparing reports data storing of various research projects going on in the Institute with relevant software packages like word star d-base- III plus, BASIC, and EPI INFO-6 under D0S Environment and MS- word, MS-EXCEL and power point in WINDOWS-98 Environment. The Computation of salary, budget etc. are also being done on computers.

 

 

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Education and training programme

 

 

Two "WHO-DMRC Training Programm on Occupational Health" for Medical Doctors of Jodhpur were organised on 12.3.99 and 16.12.99 respectively.

 

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Achievements

 

 Baseline survey conducted in the year 1986-87 in Jodhpur, Jaipur and Bikaner district helped in understanding of the local health problems in relation to prevailing   socio-demographic profile and vector biology.      

Rapid Drought Survey conducted in six desert districts of Rajasthan in the year 1987 helped in assessing the impact of drought on the health and nutritional status of the desert population.

Vit A concentrate distributed to about 85,000 individuals including children in Barmer district showed successful utilisation of the Camp approach in controlling Vit. A deficiency problem in the desert.

The study conducted on tribals in three tribal districts of Rajasthan had thrown light on socio-demographic profiles and dietary intakes of the tribals along with their major prevailing health problems.

Extended expertise help to the State Government in understanding and controlling of the local health problems such as malaria, guineaworm disease, silicosis, tuberculosis and opium addiction.

Health problems of the salt workers in Rajasthan were assessed with the help of camp approach conceived at the Centre.

Identified vectors of malaria, filaria, Japanese Encephalitis and dengue fever for the desert areas. Their prevention and control measures were also studied.

It was shown that in desert areas in conduction of Health and Nutrition Surveys and in provision of Health Services like Vit.A distribution, Vaccination etc., the population density assumes a critical role to plan reaching people in hamlets situated miles apart.

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External funding

 

 

Multi-indicator Survey 1995-96 Rs. 1,60,000.00

Multi-Indicator Survey 1997-98 Rs. 4,56,000.00 

Multi-Indicator Survey 1998-99 Rs. 6,45,000.00 

HIMIS Rs. 5,00,000/-

 

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